美国防部制定新的电磁频谱战略,打造电子战部队(英文)

据defensesystems2019年12月23日报道,美国国防部正在制定新的电磁频谱战略,计划2020年夏天发布。12月18日,在弗吉尼亚州亚历山大市由“老乌鸦”协会举行的圆桌会议上,美国国防部长电磁频谱作战跨职能团队副主任、美空军少将Lance Landrum说:“我们面临电磁频谱挑战。”2019年4月成立的美国国防部电磁频谱作战跨职能团队与美国国防部首席信息办公室(CIO)共同领导这项工作。该团队根据2019年《美国国防授权法案》创建,要求美国防部组建一支电子部团队,成员来自各美国军事部门、网络司令部、联合参谋部和其他部门代表,负责战略实施、人力和培训、未来能力、情报以及网络、空间和电磁频谱(EMS)的集成。旨在将现有两项战略——由CIO开发的美国防部2013年电磁频谱战略和美国国防部电子战战略——融合为统一政策:电磁频谱优势战略。

DOD preps new electromagnetic spectrum strategy

The Defense Department is preparing for a new electromagnetic spectrum strategy to be released next summer.

“We are challenged in the electromagnetic spectrum,” Air Force Maj. Gen. Lance Landrum, the deputy director for the Secretary of Defense Electromagnetic Spectrum Operations Cross Functional Team, told reporters during a roundtable event Dec. 18 held by the Association of Old Crows in Alexandria, Va.

“Our dependence on the electromagnetic spectrum, the way our systems depend on it … our competitors see that dependency, and so they see that dependency as a possible vulnerability.”

The Defense Department Electromagnetic Spectrum Operations Cross Functional Team, which stood up in April, is leading the effort with the DOD’s chief information office.

The team was created per the 2019 National Defense Authorization Act provision requiring DOD to launch an electronic warfare team to ensure its can successfully conduct electromagnetic spectrum operations.

The team, which includes representatives from each military branch, U.S. Cyber Command, the Joint Staff and others, uses budget and program information to make recommendations. It is charged with the strategy’s implementation, workforce and training, future capabilities, intelligence as well as integrating cyber, space and EMS.

The goal is to meld two existing strategies — DOD’s 2013 electromagnetic spectrum strategy developed by the CIO and the department’s electronic warfare strategy — into a singular policy: the Electromagnetic Spectrum Superiority Strategy.

Landrum said the cross-functional team and CIO office have made progress on the strategy and expect it to be released by the end of summer in 2020. Detailed implementation guidance for the services would soon follow the strategy’s release.

But there’s more to it than just another strategy. Landrum said there should be a general set of joint standards but cautioned that “it is too simplistic” to develop a standard and have everyone abide by it because certain platforms and systems have different requirements.

“We have a ton of legacy systems that whether we like it or not are on their own standards,” he said. “And so we need to figure out how to address all of these different standards and bring them together in some way.”

Landrum added that such standards need to evolve over time with technology and would need requirements dynamic enough to allow for interoperability, reprogramming and linking.

The newly formed team has also begun a yearlong workforce analysis study, which will focus on identifying the military and civilian EMS workforce and better understanding the career path, training, education, culture and professional mentorship and development.

Landrum said they are a couple of months into the study and will look at how those things “create a culture and a mindset within that workforce that has a unity, cohesion and identity with the mission area of the electromagnetic spectrum.”

The team is also acutely focused on electromagnetic battle management to help commanders make better operational decisions, while understanding associated risks, he said.

And while he wouldn’t call it a warfighting domain or say whether competing countries such as Russia and China were ahead, the U.S. needs a strategy and a set of standards to gain an advantage.

“It is a physical maneuver space. It is a physical battlespace that our commanders have to be cognizant of,” he said.