美军采用人工智能技术招募特战部队士兵(英文)

2020-05-14 智邦网

编译 致远

美军采用人工智能技术招募个性化、高水平特种作战士兵,优先考虑专业技能、技术经验丰富人员,采用大数据和人工智能技术论证评判最需要的人员。5月13日,在特种作战部队工业界会议上,海军陆战队特战司令部司令杨元勋少将称:“当今世界所有军队正面临严峻挑战。”空军特战司令部司令詹姆斯·斯里夫中将说,司令部在30年来搜集部队数据基础上,采用算法技术招募士兵。在作战领域,体能是头号指标,但这正在改变。他说:“利用算法和数据挖掘技术来评判什么是最出色的特战人员特质,不仅考虑完成任务情况,而且要考虑持久性和对部队的综合影响。”陆军特战司令部也采用人工智能方法,希望在特战部队、特战航空兵、文职人员、心理战领域补充数千名岗位,除了体能等硬指标,还增加了一些技术技能要求。

来源:militarytimes 2020-5-14

Special operations using artificial intelligence, personality traits to recruit and select

With less than 1 percent of young Americans both willing and able to join the military, even fewer of whom can pass special operations selection, each service is looking at creative ways to use the skills and attributes would-be operators can bring to the table.

That includes prioritizing technology experience for some services, while in others, using data and artificial intelligence to pinpoint who might be the best fit.

“I think all the services in the environment we’re in are having challenges right now,” Maj. Gen. Daniel Yoo, head of Marine Corps Special Operations Command, said in a virtual presentation Wednesday during theSpecial Operations Forces Industry Conference.

Air Force Special Operations Command is using algorithms for its recruiting, according to its boss, with 30 years’ worth of data collected from its force.

“We’re moving ourselves increasingly away from an assessment and selection program that’s based on performance and more toward one based on attributes,” Lt. Gen. James Slife said.

As in other areas of combat operations, physical prowess has been seen as the No. 1 indicator of effectiveness ― but that is evolving.

“So it’s not really as much about how quickly you can do a ruck march with a 30-pound ruck and how many pullups and push-ups you can do, it’s really more about the attributes you possess,” Slife said, including leadership skills, resilience and other interpersonal strengths.

They’re using algorithms and data mining to suss out what makes the most successful special operators, he said, not only in terms of mission effectiveness, but longevity and overall impact on the community.

The Army is doing something similar with artificial intelligence, according to the head of its special operations command.

A Special Forces soldier qualifies at a stress shoot range at Fort Carson, Colo. (Sgt. Connor Mendez/Army)

The Special Operations Recruiting Battalion is looking to fill thousands of jobs in Special Forces, special ops aviation, civil affairs and psychological operations.

“We were also able to identify those most likely to succeed,” Lt. Gen. Francis Beaudette said. Then, the command uses that technology to reach out to individuals already serving in the Army, as the vast majority of their new recruits come from the conventional force.

The command has also used this technology to control for any biases in their recruiting efforts, he said ― for instance, focusing on a certain gender, military occupational specialty or particular military experience ― “to maximize and optimize diversity in our formations, if you will.”

And while athletic prowess is still at the top of the special operations must-haves, there are some more technical skills that could set hopefuls apart.

“One area they’re looking a lot for is somebody that can work in the information environment, but then also has the physical capabilities to do what we want to do in the special operations community,” Yoo said.

As special operations evolves past the boots-on-the-ground intelligence gathering and door-kicking it honed during the War on Terror, those skills will play a role, according to the head of Naval Special Warfare Command.

“I think all of what we’re getting into the pipelines now are more digital natives,” Rear Adm. Collin Green said. “They’re more savvy, so how do we harness what they’ve learned growing up to apply to the creativity of warfare going forward?”


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