美空军推进科技战略落实(英文)

2020-05-16 智邦网

编译  致远

2019年春,美空军发布空军科学技术战略,旨在通过技术开发和将新技术用于转变作战概念,在2030年及以后大国竞争中保持技术优势。一年来,在落实战略方面取得显著进展。空军研究实验室负责科技战略实施的执行官蒂莫西•萨库里希称:“一年来贯彻战略要求成果显著,奠定了坚实基础。”

•空军首批先锋计划:2019年11月,发布首批3项先锋计划,今年2月指定三名项目执行官,负责黄金部落、导航技术卫星-3和Skyborg人工智能僚机项目;

•建立新的转型能力办公室(TCO)以指导先锋计划科技产品开发,试验、样机管理;

•采用新的技术市场开发策略,通过“空军探索”加强与企业科技部门联系;

•增强空军颠覆性技术开发能力,促进应用研究;

•组织新战机技术峰会,集成空军体系优势和未来部队需求;

•统一规划经费预算,促进转型、多学科科技综合发展;

•产业现代化方法吸引未来劳动力;

•提出“对接服务”解决方案,明确新合作伙伴关系和创新机会;

•扩大优秀卓越中心数量,推动空军科学技术发展;

•加快现代化步伐,全面落实战略。

来源 spacewar 2020-5-15

Air Force continues to advance Science and Technology strategy


In the spring of 2019, the Air Force released the Air Force Science and Technology Strategy to secure continued technological advantage over rapidly developing state competitors in 2030 and beyond through future technology research and converting new technologies into transformational warfighting concepts. Over the course of the past year, the Air Force has made big strides in implementing key parts of the strategy. (U.S. Air Force illustration/Patrick Londergan)

In the spring of 2019, the Air Force released the Air Force Science and Technology Strategy to secure continued technological advantage over rapidly developing state competitors in 2030 and beyond through future technology research and converting new technologies into transformational warfighting concepts. Over the course of the past year, the Air Force has made big strides in implementing key parts of the strategy.

“The steps we are taking are motivated by the strategy’s vision of an Air Force that dominates time, space and complexity in all operating domains, in order to meet the needs of warfighters today and provide unrivaled, advanced capabilities for decades into the future,” said Timothy Sakulich, AFRL’s executive lead for AF S and T strategy implementation.

“Accomplishments over this past year have made huge strides in responding to the strategy’s call to action, and laid critical groundwork to fully achieve the strategy’s intent going forward.”

AF commissions first Vanguard programs
To develop and deliver transformational strategic capabilities, the Air Force is assembling a deliberate portfolio of ideas, investments and partnerships that will drive transformational warfighting solutions. In November, the Air Force announced the first three Vanguards, which are priority research initiatives to advance weapons systems and concepts with enterprise commitment.

Then in February, the Air Force designated Program Executive Officers to develop and execute an acquisition strategy for each program. The three innovative programs – Golden Horde, Navigation Technology Satellite -3 (NTS-3) and Skyborg – push boundaries by integrating several technology components to deliver game-changing capabilities, covering multiple domains and encompassing multidisciplinary solutions.

New, provisional TCO established to guide S and T portfolio
The Air Force established a new Transformational Capabilities Office (TCO) under the Technology Executive Officer (TEO) to facilitate new, transformational S and T business processes, including experimentation and prototyping management of the Vanguards.

New approach for technology market calls increases access to the business S and T community through AF Explore
Air Force Explore, the unique call for ideas released in September 2019 to advance the S and T strategy, demonstrates a new, more effective way to introduce defense challenges to the national market and engage with potential business partners. In this new approach, AF Explore piloted several industry-favored practices such brief idea submission papers, face-to-face meetings and customizable contracting that saved both time and money in comparison to traditional acquisition processes. Initial awards are expected to be announced between May and June of this year.

Internal call for disruptive capabilities to stimulate applied research
In January 2020, AFRL launched the “S and T Seedlings for Disruptive Capabilities” call to gather ideas from across the AFRL workforce. This internal opportunity gives Airmen the chance to receive up to $5 million in annual funding to execute “high risk/high payoff ideas,” leverage external partnerships and create remarkable new capabilities for the future force.

New Warfighter-Technologist summit unites AF enterprise priorities, future force requirements
To ensure warfighters are continually equipped with the best technology, AFRL, MAJCOMs and AFWIC are partnering to launch WARTECH, an opportunity for future force planners and technical experts to join forces to address important technology challenges. This summer, the operational and acquisition communities will gather for the first WARTECH summit to prioritize advanced technology demonstration (6.3) programs and plan for funding requirements.

Budget consolidation facilitates transformational, multidisciplinary S and T portfolio
The Air Force has recommended restructure of its Science and Technology (S and T) Advanced Technology Development; Research Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT&E) Program Elements (PE) to allow for easier funding of multi-disciplinary technologies. Starting in FY21, the new PE structure for Air Force S and T RDT&E has the potential to provide the Air Force and Congress with increased transparency and better alignment of integrated technology solutions key to building the future force.

Modern approaches attract the future workforce
In order to continue to attract top talent, Air Force officials are implementing various initiatives to secure a more agile workforce. The Air Force is leveraging recruiters, employing modern recruiting platforms such as LinkedIn and using special authorities to secure key expertise in critical technology areas.

“Service to Connect” solutions explored to better identify novel partnerships and opportunities for innovation
The Air Force is collaborating with experts from commercial industry to make it easier for potential partners to engage and connect with experts inside the Air Force science and technology enterprise. Beta testing is scheduled to begin in summer 2020.

Increased number of Centers of Excellence expands AF S and T presence
To help develop the current and future S and T workforce, AFRL has partnered with several universities to form new Centers of Excellence (COEs) where students and faculty perform cutting-edge research in high priority Air Force interest areas. These COEs strengthen in-house S and T capabilities, foster relationships with academia and provide avenues to recruit new employees. Currently, AFRL funds nine COEs with two launched in 2019 and two expected to open in 2020.

Ongoing modernization efforts ensure full implementation of the strategy
The Air Force has recently launched several initiatives that will enable further successful implementation of the S and T strategy. Some of these efforts include expanded modeling and simulation capabilities; a coordinated effort to modernize digital capabilities and processes; and a focus on replacing legacy IT with data-driven business decision-making capabilities.

To ensure effectiveness, the Air Force submitted these strategy implementation approaches for an independent review comprised of experienced innovation and technology executives from government, industry and academia, and built an Air Force Scientific Advisory Board Quick Look process to help shape future Vanguard selection and management.

Moving forward, the Air Force will continually draw on best practices from industry, academia and other government leaders to secure the nation and ensure the success of our future force.


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