美参议员对空军“先进作战管理系统”进展迟缓提出尖锐批评(英文)

2020-06-04 智邦网

编译 致远

据c4isrnet网2020年6月3日报道,6月3日,两位乔治亚州立法人员对美空军迟迟不交“先进作战管理系统”(ABMS)项目相关信息提出尖锐批评。

共和党参议员大卫·珀杜和凯利·洛弗勒说,2020财年国防授权法案要求空军6月1日提交ABMS相关报告,但迄今未收到报告,称:“ABMS对实施《国家防务战略》至关重要,罗宾斯空军基地是该计划成功的核心部门。”

在空军向28家供应商授予开发实现“联合全域指挥控制”(JADC)概念研发各种技术的合同(每个项目最高经费预算9.5亿美元)几天后,议员发出了这封信。

空军官员指出,在总统2021财年预算申请中,未来5年将为ABMS提出33亿美元经费申请。

然而,空军尚未提出固化的传统需求清单,更希望以其特殊方式在一年里定期组织一系列试验来验证新技术。

空军计划将ABMS作为E-8C机载“联合监视目标攻击雷达系统”( JSTARS )的替代系统,为所有军种提供地面监视和跟踪信息。现有 JSTARS 设在乔治亚州罗宾斯空军基地。

构成ABMS的航空航天系统项目包括一个指挥中心及相关保障系统,部署在罗宾斯空军基地的一些遥控飞机,构成向战场收集和传输信息的传感器能力。而空军ABMS的构想越来越雄心勃勃,对计划讳莫如深、不肯明说。

Lawmakers scold Air Force over lack of details on massive battle management effort

WASHINGTON — A pair of Georgia lawmakers voiced consternation with the Air Force’s Advanced Battle Management System, criticizing the service Wednesday for being late to submit information about the program.

In the fiscal 2020 defense authorization bill, lawmakers demanded that the Air Force submit a report on the ABMS program by June 1. That report — which was to include details about the technologies incorporated into the ABMS family of systems and program requirements — has not been received, according to Republican Sens. David Perdue and Kelly Loeffler.

“Without this required documentation, Congress cannot perform its oversight role to ensure on-time, on-budget development of this critical weapon system,” Perdue and Loeffler wrote in letter to Air Force Secretary Barbara Barrett dated June 2.

“We support the work of the Air Force as it equips its warfighters of tomorrow, and are proud that Robins Air Force Base will be home to these capabilities vital for success in future combat,” the lawmakers continued. “As ABMS plays a pivotal role in implementing the National Defense Strategy, we respectfully request the documentation required to be submitted to Congress as soon as possible.”

Perdue and Loeffler’s letter comes just days after the Air Force awarded contracts — each with a ceiling value of $950 million — to 28 vendors for various technologies to enable the Joint All Domain Command and Control concept.

However, Air Force officials note that they have requested $3.3 billion to spend on ABMS over the next five years in the president’s fiscal 2021 budget request.

The Advanced Battle Management System is seen as the Air Force’s primary vehicle for executing JADC2. The effort’s goal is to seamlessly connect the military’s sensors with shooters, regardless of which service owns and operates the equipment.

The Air Force has said ABMS will accomplish that aim by fielding a suite of new hardware and software that connects existing platforms, creates a cloud network of data, and uses machine learning to push data to the users that need it. However, the service has not solidified a list of traditional requirements and prefers to test new technologies in an ad hoc fashion as they are ready through experiments held periodically throughout the year.

Perdue and Loeffler have a parochial interest in ABMS, which was initially pitched by the Air Force as a replacement for its fleet of E-8C Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System airplanes, which provide ground surveillance and tracking information for all the military services. The current JSTARS inventory is based at Robins Air Force Base, Georgia.

Although the Air Force had planned on replacing the 17 JSTARS planes with a new fleet of modified commercial aircraft equipped with state-of-the-art sensors, the service opted in 2018 to cancel the replacement program in favor of family of networked systems known as ABMS, which was seen as more survivable in a war against Russia and China.

Perdue, a member of the Senate Armed Services Committee, cautiously supported the Air Force plan. In exchange, the service agreed to base a portion of the ABMS mission at Robins.

“The air and space systems that will make up the Advanced Battle Management System will include a command center and associated supporting activities. The new network will also include some remotely piloted aircraft based out of Robins Air Force Base with sensor capabilities to collect and transmit information for the battlefield,” stated a news release from Perdue’s office in June 2018.

However, the Air Force’s conception of the ABMS program has become increasingly broad, with officials hesitant to lay out exactly which platforms will become part of the system — and what new assets will eventually replace the JSTARS based at Robins.

Perdue and Loeffler’s letter could be a sign that Georgia lawmakers are becoming increasingly impatient.

During a SASC hearing in March, Perdue asked Barrett to commit to sending reports related to ABMS that were requested in the fiscal 2019 defense authorization act but never received.

However, Barrett responded that she could not make that promise.

“I am not confident that I could commit to it today. We’ll evaluate it, and may I get back with you, even later today.” she said then.

“Absolutely. If changes need to be made to the structure of oversight, now’s the time,” Perdue said. “It’s really unacceptable that we don’t get these reports on time.”


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