针对华为、中兴 美参院敦促五角大楼提出5G风险评估报告(英文)

2020-06-12 智邦网

编译 致远

据c4isrnet网2020年6月11日报道,6月11日,美参议院军事委员会发布2021财年国防政策法案摘要,参议员委员会希望五角大楼提交一份报告,详细介绍盟国将华为技术作为网络基础设施组成部分面临的风险。

法案提出,参议员来自中国科技公司特别是华为、中兴的5G技术深表忧虑,法案指示五角大楼加强自身的5G能力建设,紧跟近在咫尺的作战对手。

法案要求五角大楼向委员会提交报告,介绍中国高科技公司技术侵入对美国防部在东道国的人员、设备和作战行动的影响,以及国防部为降低风险所采取措施的情况。

英国政府1月宣布允许华为参与5G网络技术,引起美国议员强烈抗议。最近英国政府改变决定。美立法人员担心华为参与盟国5G建设,特别是与美国有密切情报共享关系的国家,将给中国政府掌握敏感信息提供机会。

法案摘要提出,在作出海外基地决策时,国防部长应“考虑华为、中兴等厂商带来的5G和6G安全风险”,美专家称,将华为或中兴基础设施产品配备在美军事基地附近,也会使中国政府介入网络。

法案要求美国防部设立跨职能小组,专注5G无线网络建设。小组由国防部首席信息官主持,负责“国防部相关政策、监督、指导和协调”。

 法案还要求国防部就“创新性5G商业技术”组织演示验证。

国防部首席技术官于今年5月发布5G战略,国防部宣布从本财年开始将组织“一系列”5G工业演示验证。为此,国防部将在全国选定一批军事设施建立一系列“试验基地”。

这些基地将加强试验各种能力,如智能港口、供应链运营、智能仓库、后勤规划等建设,已有12个选定的试验基地。

国防部希望从夏天结束时授予合同开始试验工作。

Senate wants Pentagon to study risks of 5G

A Senate committee wants the Pentagon to produce a report detailing the risks of allied nations having Huawei technology as part of their network infrastructure, according to a summary of the Senate Armed Services Committee’s annual defense policy bill for fiscal year 2021.

The bill’s summary, released June 11, shows Senators are worried about 5G technology from Chinese tech companies, specifically Huawei and ZTE, and the bill directs the Pentagon to enhance its own 5G capabilities to keep up with near-peer adversaries.

The provision comes as senior U.S. government officials have warned allies about the national security risksassociated with allowing Huawei to build out their 5G networks. According to the summary, the bill would require the Pentagon to submit a report to the committee on the risk the Chinese tech giant’s technology poses to DoD personnel, equipment and operations in host countries, as well as any mitigating steps that department could take to reduce the risk.

When the British government announced in January it would allow Huawei to build part of its 5G network, the move prompted outcry from U.S. lawmakers. The British government recently reversed that decision, according to The Guardian. Lawmakers fear that allowing Huawei to build out 5G networks in allied countries, particularly those with robust intelligence sharing relationships with the United States, could give the Chinese government backdoor access to sensitive information.

According to the committee’s summary, the secretary of defense would also be required to “consider 5G and 6G security risks posed by vendors like Huawei and ZTE when making overseas basing decisions.” Experts have told Fifth Domain that placing Huawei or ZTE products in infrastructure near U.S. military bases could also give the Chinese government access to networks.

Meanwhile, the legislation would also direct the department to establish a cross-functional team focused on 5G wireless networks. The effort would be led by the DoD’s chief information officer and would be responsible for “related policy, oversight, guidance, and coordination at DOD.” The summary also added that the DoD could be required to demonstrate “innovative 5G commercial technologies.”

In the Pentagon’s 5G strategy released by the DoD chief technology officer in May, the department committed to hosting a “series” of 5G industry demonstrations beginning in the current fiscal year. The DoD is doing that through a series of “test beds” as selected military installations across the country.

These sites are testing capabilities like smart ports, supply chain operations, smart warehouses and logistics planning. There are currently 12 selected test beds sites across the country, though none have officially started testing. The DoD wants to award contracts to start the testing at the end of the the summer, according to Joseph Evans, the Pentagon’s technical director for 5G.

“Successfully demonstrated and proven products will be rapidly deployed, with follow-on acquisitions, operations, and sustainment through the appropriate organizations across DoD,” the strategy reads.

The bill also includes a piece of legislation by Sen. Roger Wicker, R-Miss., that would direct the Department of Commerce’s assistant secretary for communications and information to work with the Pentagon and other federal agencies to develop a plan to modernize spectrum management across the federal government.


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