DARPA启动“适应跨域杀伤网络” 计划 提供战场系统解决方案(英文)

2020-06-17 智邦网

编译 致远

据c4isr网2020年6月16日报道,DARPA正在建立一个“市场交易所”(marketplace-like exchange ),为作战士兵或水兵提供可选择的系统解决方案清单。

6月16日,DARPA战略技术办公室主任蒂姆·格雷森说,公布的名为“适应跨域杀伤网络” (ACK) 的DARPA计划,旨在为作战人员提供能在战术层面“最好地”发挥其作战能力的工具。

DARPA的ACK项目概要说:“ACK将促进多个作战人员通过信息资源共享明确分布式效果、适应战场节奏。通过为既定目标和作战问题综合匹配正确的传感器和武器,提高杀伤力。”

系统采用电子商务工具与网上拍卖技术,列出可用资产清单,并确定所有领域额外工作的工具。

可用资产在系统中“明确列出”,并供作战人员使用。

 去年12月,DARPA向BAE系统公司授予31亿美元合同,为ACK项目开发软件。

A weapon system ‘raises its hand’ if available under DARPA program

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency is developing a marketplace-like exchange that would offer soldiers or sailors in a battle a list of support options they could choose from.

A little-publicized DARPA program called “Adapting Cross-Domain Kill-Webs” (ACK) wants to present war fighters with a tool that would identify the “good enough” capability that could help at the tactical level, Tim Grayson, director of DARPA’s Strategic Technology Office, said at the Defense One Tech Summit June 16.

“ACK will enable multiple warfighters to define distributed effects and adapt them at up to combat speed using a shared set of resources,” DARPA’s ACK program description reads. “This will create greater lethality by pairing the right sensor and weapon together for a given target and operational problem.”

The system is using e-commerce tools and online auction technology to list the available assets and then identify tools, no matter the domain, that can take on the additional workload, Grayson said. The available asset “raises its hand” in the system, he said, and is then be available to the war fighter.

“It says ‘hey, there’s an airplane that can go support that Army problem,” Grayson said. “How you get there, how you’re going to do it, don’t care. … You said you can do it, go execute that mission.”

But that raises a planning problem, one that ACK purposely doesn’t address: some solutions – think a jet or missile – need to have a flight plan, one that may cross into other nation’s airspace. To solve that, DARPA has another program called Air Space Total Awareness for Rapid Tactical Execution, meant to “clear that lane,” Grayson said. ASTARTE uses artificial intelligence to plan that mission.

The ACK program also takes bandwidth into consideration. In that scenario, an asset could tell a war fighter “I have this much bandwidth that can satisfy your immediate need,” Grayson said.

Lisa Sanders, director of science and technology for Special Operations Command, said the ACK program could benefit special forces. A special forces operator is constantly seeking ways to complete missions, but the ACK program would improve that decision making.

“This is helping to hyper enable them with the tools that allow them to make a decision that their brain wouldn’t have come up with on its own,” Sanders said on the same webinar.

The program would complement SOCOM’s “Hyper Enabled Operator” effort that wants to outfit special forces with internet of things and data analytics capabilities at the tactical edge. By presenting an operator with all possible options in the field, operators would make a “better informed decision,” Sanders said.

Cynthia Bedell, director of the Computational & Information Sciences Directorate at the Army Research Laboratory’s Combat Capabilities Development Command, said such technology could cut down on planning time as well.

“There’s so many amazing things that we could if we have the tools that we trust that can help us get to the right asset at the right time and we don’t have to do a bunch of courses of action,” Bedell said.

According to ACK’s website, the program faces three significant obstacles in development. First, planners and operators don’t know what assets are available across domains. Second, it’s difficult to assess the value trade offs made by reallocating assets to another domain. Finally, the program will also have to deliver the best available options to the warfighter quickly.

The program is working closely with the Air Force’s Advanced Battle Management System, Grayson said.

In December last year, DARPA awarded a contract to BAE Systems, worth about $3.1 million, for software development for the ACK program.


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