五角大楼人工智能中心工作重点转向联合全域指挥控制系统(英文)

2020-07-09 智邦网

编译 致远

据c4isr网2020年7月8日报道,五角大楼联合人工智能中心(JAIC)正在将工作重点转向“为联合作战行动AI赋能,开发人工智能工具并集成到国防部联合全域指挥控制(JADC2)系统”。

这是战略定位的重大调整,标志着美军军事智能化日趋成熟和提升。

7月8日,JAIC代理主任纳德·穆尔查丹尼表示:“随着中心业务不断成熟发展,工作重心越来越向《国防战略》列为优先重点的联合作战及其任务倡议聚焦,JAIC为联合作战任务倡议开发的AI能力将采用成熟的AI技术,旨在为美军作战人员创造决定性的优势”。

5月21日,杰克·沙纳汉中将表示,应赋予JAIC采购自己开发的人工智能技术的权力,以加快发展进度。

成立JAIC时,定位是为武器装备预测性维护、发展算法等。今天,随着美军军事智能化逐步成熟,加快了作战应用的进程。即,向支撑“联合全域指挥与控制”方向转变和聚焦,发挥作战与战略决策智能辅助支持作用,服务美军国防战略和“全域作战概念”生成,战场上的作战支撑,大国竞争中的战略支撑。

Pentagon AI center shifts focus to joint warfighting operations

The Pentagon’s artificial intelligence hub is shifting its focus to enabling joint warfighting operations, developing artificial intelligence tools that will be integrated into the Department of Defense’s Joint All-Domain Command and Control efforts.

“As we have matured, we are now devoting special focus on our joint warfighting operation and its mission initiative, which is focused on the priorities of the National Defense Strategy and its goal of preserving America’s military and technological advantages over our strategic competitors,” Nand Mulchandani, acting director of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center, told reporters July 8. “The AI capabilities JAIC is developing as part of the joint warfighting operations mission initiative will use mature AI technology to create a decisive advantage for the American war fighter.”

Lt. Gen. Jack Shanahan said May 21 that the JAIC needs the authority to buy its own artificial intelligence technology in order to move fast.

“JADC2 is not a single product. It is a collection of platforms that get stitched together — woven together ― into effectively a platform. And JAIC is spending a lot of time and resources focused on building the AI component on top of JADC2,” said the acting director.

According to Mulchandani, the fiscal 2020 spending on the joint warfighting operations initiative is greater than JAIC spending on all other mission initiatives combined. In May, the organization awarded Booz Allen Hamilton a five-year, $800 million task order to support the joint warfighting operations initiative. As Mulchandani acknowledged to reporters, that task order exceeds JAIC’s budget for the next few years and it will not be spending all of that money.

One example of the organization’s joint warfighting work is the fire support cognitive system, an effort JAIC was pursuing in partnership with the Marine Corps Warfighting Lab and the U.S. Army’s Program Executive Office Command, Control and Communications-Tactical. That system, Mulchandani said, will manage and triage all incoming communications in support of JADC2.

Mulchandani added that JAIC was about to begin testing its new flagship joint warfighting project, which he did not identify by name.

“We do have a project going on under joint warfighting which we are going to be actually go into testing,” he said. “They are very tactical edge AI is the way I’d describe it. That work is going to be tested. It’s actually promising work — we’re very excited about it.”

“As I talked about the pivot from predictive maintenance and others to joint warfighting, that is probably the flagship project that we’re sort of thinking about and talking about that will go out there,” he added.

While left unnamed, the acting director assured reporters that the project would involve human operators and full human control.

“We believe that the current crop of AI systems today […] are going to be cognitive assistance,” he said. “Those types of information overload cleanup are the types of products that we’re actually going to be investing in.”

“Cognitive assistance, JADC2, command and control—these are all pieces,” he added.


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