美军AI中心与能源部合作应对灾害(英文)

2020-08-19 智邦网

编译 致远

据c4isr网2020年8月18日报道

8月18日,美能源部宣布:美国防部“联合人工智能中心”(JAIC)与能源部“人工智能技术办公室”(AITO)就AI技术开发组成名为“五大联盟”的新型公私伙伴关系,向防灾减灾部门提供AI工具,以帮助扑灭野火。

该联盟由微软联合主持,涉及政府、工业界、非营利组织和学术界,联合开发AI解决方案,帮助应急部门抗击自然灾害。

 JAIC通过去年启动的两个涉及野火和洪水应急响应的计划参与联盟,能源部“西北太平洋国家实验室”(PNNL)负责扩大JAIC样机规模。

第一个计划采用AI技术确定火灾线并预测野火蔓延区域,使消防员提前进入火场。JAIC此前与加州国民警卫队和加州森林及消防局共同推进该计划。

第二个JAIC计划旨在利用AI技术标记洪水线并检测洪水水域,以提高洪水响应能力。

JAIC与国家地理空间情报局、联邦应急管理据等政府部门共同推进该技术研发。这两个计划向救灾人员提供近乎实时的数据。

JAIC的消防线、防洪线计划是中心2019年启动的“人道主义援助和救灾国家任务倡议”组成部分。

明年,计划向联盟伙伴部署灾害应对技术。

Pentagon’s AI center partners with Energy Department on disaster response

WASHINGTON — The Pentagon’s artificial intelligence unit is teaming up with the Department of Energy to deliver AI tools to first responders fighting natural disasters, the DOE announced Tuesday.

The Defense Department’s Joint Artificial Intelligence Center and the DOE’s Artificial Intelligence and Technology Office are forming the new public-private partnership on AI called the First Five Consortium.

It will be co-chaired by Microsoft and will involve government, industry, nonprofit and academia in developing AI solutions to help emergency services fight natural disasters.

The JAIC will contribute to the consortium through two projects it developed in the last year focused on wildfire and flood response. The DOE’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is working to scale the JAIC prototypes, according to the department’s news release.

The first project uses AI to identify fire lines and predict where a wildfire will spread, allowing firefighters to get ahead of the fire. The JAIC previously worked on that project with the California National Guard and the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection.

The second JAIC effort aims to improve flood response, using AI to mark flood lines and detect the presence of water where it shouldn’t be. The JAIC has worked to mature the technology with a variety of government partners, such as the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency and the Federal Emergency Management Agency, according to Arlo Abrahamson, spokesperson for the JAIC.

Both projects provide first responders with data in near-real time.

“What First Five is attempting to do is create economies of scale. Instead of each entity, each organization going on its own development and putting all their, if you will, capital, time and interest in it, there can be lessons that are learned, money that is saved, inputs that first responders can provide, and that’s what First Five is really out to do,” Matthew Rose, chief design officer at JAIC, said on a call with reporters.

The JAIC’s fire line and flood line projects were developed as part of the center’s Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief National Mission Initiative, which started in early 2019. It was one of the center’s first major efforts that it undertook after the JAIC was launched in 2018.

“We wanted to have a mission that was sort of like a low-consequence mission to be able to prove out some of these AI initiatives and fielding initiatives that we were working [on] with our Department of Defense and interagency partners,” Abrahamson told reporters.

Rose said on the call that while the JAIC was initially developing the AI tools for military purposes, the center found that the technology had immediate benefits outside of the Pentagon. In the last year, Abrahamson said, the JAIC as focused on deploying the “minimum viable product” out into the field in order to gain user feedback and improve the tools.

In the next year, the consortium plans to deploy the JAIC disaster response technology to consortium partners, Jermon Bafaty, a White House fellow assigned to the DOE, told reporters.

“Natural disasters just don’t affect those in the government, those in the military or those in industry,” Rose said. “It affects all of us equally.”