欧盟呼吁对欧洲防务进行自上而下根本性变革(英文)

2020-11-5  智邦网

编译 致远

欧盟宣布对欧洲防务进行自上而下根本性变革

 据Janes defence news网11月4日报道,“欧洲防务”(EuroDefense)组织呼吁欧盟对欧洲防务进行自上而下的根本性变革,包括设立欧盟作战和防务规划常设司令部,以应对未来威胁。

该组织是由14个国家组成的泛欧联盟,成员来自工业界、军方、研究单位和学术团体。

呼吁欧盟防务决策部门统一政策,统合各国军事能力建设与欧盟防务需求,将国家防务资产纳入欧盟长期防务统一规划和作战运用。

该组织在报告中称:“汇聚和分享国家能力不足以保证欧盟防务”,“为此,将在政治、法律、管理和作战方面采取具体举措”。

该组织已将相关建议提交欧洲委员会和其他组织。

“欧洲防务”组织第27工作组负责相关建议详细说明,除了政策改革,更强调能力建设,把确保优势作为主要挑战。

Reform European defence – sharply – from top-down, says EuroDefense

The European Union requires a radical top-down overhaul to its approach to defence – including a permanent EU command for operational and defence planning – if it is going to protect itself against future threats, says EuroDefense in its new set of recommendations to the EU leadership.

EU defence policy decisions in Brussels should shift away from unanimity, accompanied by a solid alignment of national military capabilities to EU defence requirements and, moreover, the voluntary placing on permanent standby of the national assets needed to support EU defence, argues the group. EuroDefense is a pan-European network of 14 national associations, the members of which are drawn from industry, military, research, and academic circles.

“Pooling and sharing of national capabilities are not enough for the credibility of EU defence,” it states in its Recommendations on EU Defence. “In order to implement this concept, political, legal, organisational and operational aspects will have to be dealt with.”

The 12-page document, seen by Janes , will soon be transmitted to the office of Ursula von der Leyen, president of the European Commission, and other European leaders.

The document’s elaboration fell to EuroDefense’s Working Group 27, which spent the past 18 months refining the recommendations to gain the support of all of its national associations, some of which wanted greater stress on capability development versus policy reform. It was a challenge to ensure that the latter emphasis prevailed, said Iric van Doorn, the working group’s Dutch chairperson.


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