美军联合人工智能中心新主任谈AI赋能与业务变革(英文)

2020-11-8  智邦网

编译 致远

11月6日,美国防部联合人工智能中心(JAIC)新任主任、海军陆战队中将米切尔·格洛恩表示,将推动中心“由产品研发机构向为武装部队和作战司令部进一步赋能人工智能设备的中心机构转型”。

称随着国防部加速推动AI作战应用,中心将致力于AI不同部门“多领域赋能”,并作为“JAIC 2.0”计划组成部分,调整中心业务领域,以满足作战部队需要。

格洛恩称:“深化业务变革比促进AI赋能更重要”,“毫无疑问我们将继续开发产品,尤其是高端、改变游戏规则的技术和项目,但更重要的是,掀起一股席卷整个国防部所有部门的新变革浪潮。”

成立两年来,中心聚焦预测性维护、人道主义救灾、联合作战等领域,根据国家任务倡议计划组织一系列AI设备研发。按照新的业务架构,中心首要重点是保持与国防部相关部门的密切关系。

格洛恩称:“我们要做的是针对问题追根溯源”“JAIC 1.0时期,我们开发技术,然后寻找市场; 到JAIC 2.0时期,要重点提出问题的系统解决方案,密切与国防部整个系统部门的关系,寻找问题关键症结,及时拨正及时研发方向。”

中心已通过由相关领域专家主持国家任务计划改革管理办法,如邀请海军外科医生主持作战人员健康倡议计划、由驻伊拉克步兵连陆军官员主持作战倡议计划。

中心还通过“联合共同基金”(JCF)密切联系沟通,促进国防部相关部门建设数据库和软件工具系统,.通过AI技术加强与客户联系,为军方提供技术解决方案,包括试验鉴定、技术援助、培训教育。

中心将扩大作战部队人员参与,组织AI技术评估和信息数据管理,提高机器辅助决策能力。

Pentagon’s artificial intelligence hub shifts its approach to now ‘seek out problems’

WASHINGTON — The new leader of the Pentagon’s top artificial intelligence office wants the hub to shift from a product development organization to one that enables the armed services and combatant commands to further develop AI tools.

Marine Corps Lt. Gen. Michael Groen, who now leads the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center, said Friday that his organization is looking to perform “broad enablement” for different components as the department starts to apply AI tools to war-fighting operations. The plan is part of what the JAIC dubs “JAIC 2.0,” which realigned JAIC mission areas to meet the needs of the war-fighting community.

“We think that our transformational value will be much better in the enablement space,” Groen said on a webinar hosted by the Center for Strategic and International Studies. “We obviously will continue to do products, we’ll continue to work on some of the high-end, gamechanging technologies and programs. But we really want to start a tide that rises all boats across the department.”

The center, which has been operational for about two years, has developed AI tools under projects known as national mission initiatives. Those efforts focused on a wide variety of areas, such as predictive maintenance, humanitarian and disaster response, and joint war fighting. But under its new construct, JAIC’s top focus is developing relationships with the department, Groen said.

“What we want to do is seek out problems,” he said. “If in JAIC 1.0, we built technologies and then tried to find a market for them, [then] in JAIC 2.0, we’re going to be problem-pull. We’re going to build the relationships across the department to help us understand where the most compelling problems are so then we can pull our technology development and enablement in that direction.”

In August, then-acting director of the JAIC Nand Mulchandani said the center was making progress on building relationships, saying it was “a little haphazard today, but it’s getting way, way better.

One way the JAIC has improved here is hosting national mission areas led by relevant experts. For example, the war fighter health initiative is led by a Navy surgeon, and the war-fighting initiative is led by an Army officer who served as an infantry company commander in Iraq.

Another vehicle for building relationships is the JAIC’s Joint Common Foundation, or JCF, which will give components across the Defense Department access to databases and software tools to build AI systems. Groen said JCF will help the center get its “footing” in connecting customers with technology, as well as assist components that have AI needs but don’t know how to get started.

He added that JCF serves as a platform that will provide the military with technical solutions and services, such as test and evaluation best practices, contracting assistance, and training certifications and education.

“We could track certifications and course accomplishments so you kind of get a sense of somebody’s skills,” Groen said. “If we did that in a common way, on a common foundation, now you’d be able to track: ‘Hey, I have an Air Force member coming into my command, let’s just check what her skills are.’ Right? ‘Let’s check what courses he’s accomplished so that we can make sure that we align the talent to the job.’ “

Groen said the AI hub plans to start offering services in 2021 and then increase the number of services available from there. The JAIC also wants to help organizations decide if they are ready for assistance from machines by performing AI-readiness assessments that will evaluate aspects of data management and preparedness for machine-assisted decision-making.

“We hope to be able to help people evaluate themselves and their own workflows, Groen said. “We’re realigning our missions force here, as they build their relationships, to help people see solutions in the data that they own.”


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