美军计划在印太关键要隘部署新编“第一舰队”(英文)

2020-11-20  智邦网

编译 致远

据navytimes网11月19日报道,美海军部长肯尼思·布雷斯韦特要求设立新编序列“美国第一舰队”,将司令部部署在印太海域十字路口关键要隘,使海军在本地区“站稳脚跟”,减轻驻日美军第七舰队压力,扩大区域伙伴关系,旨在“应对和遏制日益增长的中国军事力量”。

称“不能只依靠驻日舰队,要寻求其他盟友和伙伴,比如新加坡、印度”,“把一支新编舰队投入任何对我们利益攸关、纷争不断的区域”,“没有盟友伙伴支持,美国难以单独应对中国”。

据称,第一舰队总部或落脚新加坡,作为“远征司令部”前沿部署。

美海军战争学院教授詹姆斯·霍姆斯博士说,部署第一舰队应“力争形成战略竞争态势,而非引发战争”。


SECNAV calls for standing up new numbered fleet in the Indo-Pacific

As the Pentagon warily eyes a Chinese military with increasing naval capability, U.S. Navy Secretary Kenneth Braithwaite called this week for the establishment of a U.S. 1st Fleet, a new numbered command that would sit at the vital crossroads of the Indian and Pacific oceans.

But while Braithwaite characterized the effort as well underway, Navy officials said that no decisions have been made per the timing and location of a potential 1st Fleet.

“I haven’t had a chance to talk to the new acting secretary of defense about this … but I’ve crossed all the other T’s and dotted all the other I’s,” Braithwaite said Tuesday at the Naval Submarine League’s annual symposium.

Christopher Miller was named the acting SECDEF earlier this month after President Trump fired Mark Esper as the Pentagon’s leader.

Braithwaite said a 1st Fleet would bolster the Navy’s Indo-Pacific footprint and take some of the burden off the Japan-based U.S. 7th Fleet, which is currently tasked with overseeing more than 77 million square miles, spanning from the international date line to the India-Pakistan border, up to the Kuril Islands off Russia and down to the Antarctic.

Such a fleet would expand regional partnerships as well, with the aim of countering an ascendant and increasingly assertive Chinese military.

“We can’t just rely on the fleet in Japan,” he said. “We have to look to other allies and partners, like Singapore, like India, and put a numbered fleet where it would be extremely relevant if, God forbid, we were to get in any kind of dustup.”

Navy Secretary Kenneth Braithwaite called this week for the establishment of a U.S. 1st Fleet near the intersection of the Indian and Pacific oceans. (Navy)

Navy Secretary Kenneth Braithwaite called this week for the establishment of a U.S. 1st Fleet near the intersection of the Indian and Pacific oceans. (Navy)

Braithwaite’s spokesman, Capt. Jereal Dorsey, said in a statement Wednesday that “no decisions have been made on timing or location for the establishment of an additional numbered fleet in the Indo-Pacific.”

“The Navy continues to review our organizational structure and force posture, in coordination with combatant commanders and our allies, to ensure we can most effectively meet the maritime challenges we face around the world,” he said.

Singapore’s government said in a statement Wednesday that, other than an agreement to rotate four U.S. littoral combat ships into Singapore, there had been “no further requests or discussions with the U.S. Department of Defense on additional deployment of U.S. ships in Singapore.”

Braithwaite framed such needs against the backdrop of an existential threat from China.

“The United States alone will never be able to stand up against the (People’s Republic of China) without having our allies and partners close to us,” he said.

While Trump has regularly questioned the utility of alliances like NATO, Braithwaite called such sentiments “a bunch of crap.”

“We are all stronger standing together,” he said. “You can visualize a NATO that takes in all democratic nations of the world … you’re talking Indonesia, Australia, Japan, India … in addition to the Western European nations.”

“China wouldn’t be able to stand against us,” Braithwaite added.

New Delhi has increasingly cast a wary eye on the Chinese navy, and the recent Malabar exercise in the Bay of Bengal brought together American, Australian, Japanese and Indian naval forces to learn how to better operate together.

Braithwaite said Tuesday that a 1st Fleet headquarters might end up in Singapore or elsewhere and could start out as an expeditionary command.

The guided-missile destroyer Sterett, Royal Australian Navy frigate Ballarat, left, and the Indian Navy aircraft carrier Vikramaditya steam in formation in the North Arabian Sea during Malabar 2020 Nov. 17. The Nimitz Carrier Strike Group is currently deployed to the 7th Fleet area of operations in support of a free and open Indo-Pacific. (MCSN Drace Wilson/Navy)

The guided-missile destroyer Sterett, Royal Australian Navy frigate Ballarat, left, and the Indian Navy aircraft carrier Vikramaditya steam in formation in the North Arabian Sea during Malabar 2020 Nov. 17. The Nimitz Carrier Strike Group is currently deployed to the 7th Fleet area of operations in support of a free and open Indo-Pacific. (MCSN Drace Wilson/Navy)

“Move it across the Pacific until it is where our allies and partners see that it could assist them as well as assist us,” he said.

Braithwaite said he will travel to India in the coming weeks to discuss the country’s security concerns.

“I want to ensure that … as I look back on the time that I have in this role, that it opened the door to these nations recognizing the challenges that they have and offer them the kind of support that … we, the United States Navy, can provide, but also seek their partnership and alliance with us,” he said.

The Chinese navy now has more vessels than the United States, he noted.

“Thankfully, our capabilities are much greater, which can be used to give us the edge, but that’s only a matter of time,” Braithwaite said. “That is the bubble that I am chasing each and every day sitting in this office.”

There are several reasons why Braithwaite’s aspirations for a 1st Fleet might not become reality, according to Dr. James Holmes, a professor of naval strategy at the Naval War College.

Primarily, Braithwaite may no longer be SECNAV when Biden’s presidency begins in January.

“If he’s a constituency of one for a new fleet and the constituency is gone, the idea will disappear,” Holmes said in an email.

Holmes also wondered how much the idea had been bandied about with potential hosts.

“Singapore and Australia are close friends and allies, but they are also leery of committing in advance to U.S.-led operations,” he said. “They could be entrapped in something their political leaders choose to remain aloof from. No government wants to foreclose its options.”

U.S. military commands in Japan, Korea and other NATO nations were all borne out of major wars, and standing up a 1st Fleet would entail “a strategic competition without a war as the precursor,” Holmes noted.

“We would be asking our allies to admit us before the war rather than already being on the ground and deciding to stay,” he said. “We helped found NATO at the outset of a major strategic competition known as the Cold War, but we were already in Europe to help clean up the aftermath of WWII.”

Any future 1st Fleet will require winning over regional allies.


相关信息

美空军将“核武现代化”列为头号装备优先重点项目(英文)

2025年全球军用机器人市场增至242亿美元(英文)

2025年全球5G军用市场将达13亿美元(英文)

美陆军新建士兵和班组生命体征研究所(英文)

英国出台国家安全与国防工业保护新法规(英文)

美国防部启动“防务系统升级”云现代化计划(英文)

美太空作战司令部明确五大优先重点(英文)

美军联合人工智能中心新主任谈AI赋能与业务变革(英文)

美空军启动新的太空实验室(英文)

欧盟呼吁对欧洲防务进行自上而下根本性变革(英文)

美国防部设立反无人机联合培训学院(英文)

DARPA分布式作战管理系统用于美陆军“项目融合”计划(英文)

美国防部颁布《电磁频谱优先战略》(英文)

DARPA研发AI联合全域快速军事数据共享系统(英文)

美国发布《国家关键与新兴技术战略》(英文)