美空军首次成功试验AI辅助U2侦察机飞行员遂行任务(英文)

2020-12-17 智邦网

编译

美国TASK&PURPOSE网站12月16日消息,美国空军当日宣布,在一次U-2飞机侦察导弹模拟攻击试验中,人工智能算法首次完成了通常由飞行员执行的侦察任务,成功地演示了人机编组遂行侦察的可行性,标志着美国空军在创新人工智能系统上取得了长足进步。试验中,这种名为ARTUµ的人工智能算法,基于50余万次机器模拟学习训练,在飞机起飞后即开始替人操控机载雷达,分工负责搜猎导弹发射架,而飞行员负责警戒敌机,人机实现了成功编组,共享雷达数据,达到了任务目标。空军负责采办、技术和后勤的助理部长威尔·罗伯称,这次试验首次实现了AI对军事系统的安全指控,开启了人机编组和算法竞争的新时代。如果不能全面认识AI的潜能,就意味着放弃了应对敌人的决策优势。

 

An AI just helped an Air Force pilot fly a U-2 spy plane during a simulated missile strike

Paging John Connor.

BY JEFF SCHOGOL DECEMBER 16, 2020

MILITARY TECH

TASK&PURPOSE

 

The Air Force has taken a giant step toward creating an artificial intelligence system that would never in a million years turn on humanity – unlike the “Skynet” nemesis in the first two Terminator movies, which are the only ones that count.

Recently, an artificial intelligence algorithm named ARTUµ — possibly a reference to Star Wars’ R2D2 — performed tasks on a U-2 Dragon Lady spy plane that are normally done by humans, the Air Force announced on Wednesday.

“After takeoff, the sensor control was positively handed-off to ARTUµ who then manipulated the sensor, based off insight previously learned from over a half-million computer simulated training iterations,” according to a news release from the humans who run the Air Force — for now. “The pilot and AI successfully teamed to share the sensor and achieve the mission objectives.”

The algorithm used the plane’s tactical navigation as an Air Force major whose callsign is “Vudu” flew the U-2, which was assigned to the 9th Reconnaissance Wing, Beale Air Force Base, California, the news release says.

In short: Man and machine successfully flew a reconnaissance mission during a simulated missile strike.

“ARTUµ’s primary responsibility was finding enemy launchers while the pilot was on the lookout for threatening aircraft, both sharing the U-2’s radar,” according to the news release, which seemed to suggest that this could prove to be the birth cries of a new form of superintelligence.

Air Force officials lavished praise on the successful experiment — because if science fiction has taught us anything, it’s that when computers start making decisions instead of humans, nothing could possibly go wrong.

“Putting AI safely in command of a U.S. military system for the first time ushers in a new age of human-machine teaming and algorithmic competition,” Dr. Will Roper, assistant secretary of the Air Force for acquisition, technology and logistics, said in a statement. “Failing to realize AI’s full potential will mean ceding decision advantage to our adversaries.”

In July, Task & Purpose addressed the elephant in the room by asking Nand Mulchandani, the acting director of the Pentagon’s Joint Artificial Intelligence Center, what steps the U.S. military is taking to make sure that artificial intelligence does not become self-aware and declare war on humanity.

Mulchandani said he had no idea how to design an algorithm to become self-aware and the Defense Department also has to follow policy and laws about artificial intelligence.

“Here at the DOD, things are taken very seriously in terms of systems that get deployed, which is why there tends to be this negative connotation that the DOD’s slow, the government’s slow, et cetera,” Mulchandani told reporters at a Pentagon news briefing. “Well, it’s slow for a reason. There’s a maturity of technology you have to put in there: there’s tests and eval that is taken very, very seriously here.”

Of course, that’s just what Skynet would want us to think.

2020-12-17智邦网

声明:本平台发布部分内容来自公开资料或者网络,版权归原作者所有,转载的目的在于传递信息及用于网络分享,不代表本平台赞同其观点,如涉版权问题,请与我们联系,我们第一时间处理。