​美国国防部需要加强对战场频谱的控制

GAO的一份报告警告说,如果美国国防部没有制定有效的计划并监督其EMS工作,则对手可以控制战场中的电磁频谱。

一名士兵将远程无线电设备连接到悍马。图片来源:美国空军照片

罗伯特·阿克曼(Robert K.Ackerman)

GAO报告建议了实现新战略目标的关键行动。

根据美国政府问责办公室(GAO)的一份报告,美国国防部的新电磁频谱(EMS)策略将无法在没有特定组织和流程监督的情况下抵抗敌人的EMS活动。GAO建议加强监督,围绕指定领导建立具体指标,以确保实现部门自己的目标。

GAO注意到美国国防部承认中国和俄罗斯正在努力干扰美军使用和控制EMS的能力。中国的努力侧重于战略,组织和培训方面的进步,而俄罗斯已经在对付美国和外国军队的行动中动用了“世界一流”的EMS部队。报告指出,如果美军被拒绝使用和控制EMS,可能会危及所有领域的作战行动。

美国国防部称,国防部在2013年和2017年发布了战略,但由于缺乏指派的高级领导,这些战略未能得到充分实施。该部门的新2020年战略面临同样的失败风险,并且尚未采取“关键行动”,例如确定流程和程序以整合部门内的EMS业务并改革部门范围的治理。

GAO建议中的关键是制定实施计划,并将其作为监督流程的一部分。根据GAO报告,这将有助于部门实现EMS作战目标。

GAO专门提出的五项建议从参谋长联席会议副主席开始,确定了包括计划和预算在内的全面国防战略的必要程序和流程。第二项建议是,由该副主席提出EMS管理,管理,组织和作战方面的改革。

第三项建议是要求国防部长将明确的责任分配给高级官员,使其具有必要的权力和资源,以迫使他们采取行动以长期实施2020年战略。这将及时进行,以监督战略实施计划的执行。

第四项建议是,指定的高级官员应在2020年战略发布后180天内发布可行的实施计划。并且,第五项建议是,国防部长应确保高级官员为实施建立监督程序。

GAO表示,美国国防部已同意前两项建议,部分同意后三项建议。国防部表示,尚无执行细节,有待国防部长审查。

该报告反复指出,其发现和建议均基于非保密的文件。GAO指出,接受本报告采访的国防部主题专家证实,机密材料可能提供的其他信息不会显着改变报告的发现或建议。

Defense Department Needs Tighter Control Over Battlefield Spectrum

December 16, 2020

By Robert K. Ackerman

A GAO report recommends key actions to realize new strategy goals.

The U.S. Defense Department’s new electromagnetic spectrum (EMS) strategy will fall short of countering enemy EMS activities without specific organizational and process oversight, according to a report from the Government Accountability Office (GAO). The GAO is recommending greater oversight and specific metrics be built around designated leadership to ensure that the department’s own goals are met.

The GAO notes the department’s recognition that China and Russia are hard at work to deny the U.S. military’s ability to use and control the EMS. China’s effort focuses on strategic, organizational and training advances, while Russia already is wielding “world-class” EMS forces in operations against U.S. and foreign militaries. Operations in all domains could be imperiled if the use and control of the EMS is denied, the report notes.

The Defense Department issued strategies in 2013 and 2017, but these were not fully implemented because of a lack of assigned senior leadership, according to the GAO. The department’s new 2020 strategy faces the same risks of failure, and it has not taken “key actions” such as identifying processes and procedures to integrate EMS operations across the department and reforming departmentwide governance.

Key among the GAO recommendations is the development of an implementation plan as part of oversight processes. This would help position the department to achieve its EMS operations goals, according to the GAO report.

The five recommendations specifically offered by the GAO begin with the vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff identifying the procedures and processes necessary for an integrated, defensewide strategy that includes planning and budgeting. The second recommendation is that this vice chairman proposes EMS governance, management, organizational and operational reforms.

The third recommendation is for the secretary of defense to assign clear responsibility to a senior official with authority and resources necessary to compel action for long-term implementation of the 2020 strategy. This would take place in time to oversee the execution of the strategy implementation plan.

The fourth recommendation is that this designated senior official issues an actionable implementation plan within 180 days of the issuance of the 2020 strategy. And, the fifth recommendation is that the secretary ensure that the senior official creates oversight processes for the implementation.

The GAO states that the Defense Department has concurred with the first two recommendations and partially concurred with the last three. The department stated it does not yet have specifics on implementation, pending review by the secretary of defense.

The report iterates that its findings and recommendations are based on unclassified documents. Defense Department subject matter experts interviewed for this report verified that the additional information that could be provided by classified material would not significantly change the report’s findings or recommendations, the GAO stated.

2020-12-21智邦网

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