美国防部授予3000万美元合同促进稀土加工(英文)

2021-2-2  智邦网

编译 致远

据C4isr网2月1日报道

2月1日,美国防部宣布,向林纳斯稀土有限公司授出3040万美元合同,旨在促进本国轻稀土加工,以摆脱对中国相关关键技术依赖。

林纳斯稀土有限公司为除中国外全球最大稀土元素开采加工公司,公司将用该经费通过其在美国的分公司林纳斯美国公司在德克萨斯州的洪多建设一家稀土加工厂。

该合同是美国防部为确保稀土供应链安全采取的一系列措施之一,以扩大在美国的稀土加工生产。

中国是全球头号稀土生产国,稀土是卫星或F-35战机等防务系统的关键材料。

计划如果成功,林纳斯公司将成为全球约四分之一稀土氧化物元素的加工生产企业。

为应对中国的垄断,美国防部近年来采取了一系列措施加强在本国的稀土生产。据路透社报道,去年4月,国防部通过与德克萨斯州蓝线公司建立合资企业方式,投资在德克萨斯州建设林纳斯重稀土金属设施。

去年11月,国防部宣布根据《国防生产法案》授予3家稀土生产企业1250万美元合同。


Pentagon awards $30 million contract to boost processing of rare earth elements

The U.S. Defense Department awarded a $30.4 million contract to boost domestic processing of light rare earth elements as part of an effort to become less dependent on China for critical technologies, the department announced Monday,

The Pentagon awarded the funds to Lynas Rare Earths Limited, the world’s largest rare earth element mining and processing company outside of China. The firm will use the funds to open a processing facility in Hondo, Texas, through its U.S. subsidiary, Lynas USA.

The award is part of a broader push by the department to secure its rare earth supply chain, which is threatened by China’s dominance in the industry, and move more production to the United States. China is the top producer of rare earth metals, which are a critical piece of defense systems like satellites or the F-35 fighter jet.

“The significance of the award is they [the Defense Department] are continuing to march forward and put the pieces of the puzzle back in place so the U.S. will have access to rare earth [elements] to meet national security needs,” said Jeffery Green, president of J.A. Green & Company, a government relations firm that works with the defense industry.

If the project is successful, Lynas would be the producer of about a quarter of the world’s rare earth oxides, or processed rare earth elements. Increasing domestic production of the metals is critical because they are so widespread.

“You’ll find these things in almost every major defense system,” Green told C4ISRNET.

To counter Chinese dominance, the Pentagon in recent years took steps to bring domestic rare earth production back to the United States. According to Reuters, in April last year the department funded the construction of a Lynas heavy rare earth metals facility in Texas, which it built through a joint venture with Texas-based Blue Line Corporation.

In November 2020, the Pentagon announced three Defense Production Act awards with rare earth element producers worth more than $12.5 million in total. The Defense Department’s actions on rare earth elements stems from Executive Order 13817, a Trump administration document directing the government to adopt a strategy for critical minerals.

“This award aligns with the U.S. government’s strategy to ensure secure and reliable supplies of critical minerals under Executive Order 13817 and follows a series of rare earth element actions the Department of Defense has taken in recent years to ensure supply and strengthen defense supply chains,” the department’s announcement stated.