美众议院新设军用网络信息技术创新监督机构(英文)

2021-2-4  智邦网

编译  致远

据c4isr网2月3日报道

2月3日,美国会宣布,众议院军事委员会为下一届国会设立新的分委会,以加强军用数字技术开发监管。

该委员会名为“网络、创新技术与信息系统分委会”,由众议员吉姆·朗格文领导,负责网络安全、网络运营、网络部队、创新技术及系统、科学技术计划与政策、研究与发展、人工智能、电磁频谱政策、电子战政策与软件采办政策。

立法部门希望确保美国在关键技术领域保持对作战对手的领先地位。

美国防部在某些技术领域发展方向不明确,国会希望其将重点重新聚焦到关键技术领域。

众议院旨在研究如何保持对俄罗斯和中国的技术领先优势的两党联合“未来国防事务特别工作小组”于去年9月提出报告,要求国防部摈弃传统研发平台,增加经费投入,大力开发网络、人工智能等高技术系统。

朗格文在推特上称:“随着技术在国家安全中日益发挥越来越重要的作用,必须采取针对性更强的方法。”

此前,由“情报与新兴技术威胁及能力分委会”负责监督这些领域发展情况。现在,该委员会将情报业务纳入另一个独立的情报与特种作战分委会实施监督。


A reshuffling of House subcommittees to boost oversight of military tech

The House Armed Services Committee is creating a new subcommittee for the next session of Congress as a way to focus energy on the oversight of the military’s use of digital technologies, lawmakers announced Wednesday.

The new Cyber, Innovative Technologies, and Information Systems Subcommittee, which will be led by Rep. Jim Langevin, D-R.I., will cover cybersecurity, cyber operations, cyber forces, information technology and systems, science and technology programs and policy, research and development, artificial intelligence, electromagnetic spectrum policy, electronic warfare policy and software acquisition policy.

Lawmakers want to ensure the United States can keep pace technologically with adversaries looking to advance in key areas.

While the Department of Defense has lost sight in some areas of technology development, Congress has tried to turn its attention back to critical areas. And the military has taken notice.

When the Pentagon doesn’t move fast enough, “our friends across the river in the big white dome they tend to get involved, as they should,” Gen. John Hyten, vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff said in remarks during an online event in January regarding the department’s electronic warfare efforts. “[Congress] got involved and started directing activity to reinvigorate electromagnetic spectrum operations and electronic warfare into the joint force.”

The House’s Future Defense Task Force, a bipartisan panel aimed to examine how to maintain an edge on Russia and China, charged in a September report that the department must begin to divest legacy platforms and increase funding and development of high-tech systems, such as cyber and artificial intelligence.

“As technology continues to advance at an incredibly rapid rate – from artificial intelligence to biotechnology and everything in between – it is critical that the Armed Services Committee redoubles our efforts to bridge the gap between current capabilities and future requirements,” a release from the committee said.

“With technology playing a greater role in national security every day, a more focused approach is needed,” Langevin said in a Feb. 3 tweet.

Previously, the Intelligence and Emerging Threats and Capabilities Subcommittee provided oversight of many of these issues. The committee is now breaking intelligence into another separate subcommittee focusing on intelligence and special operations.

The HASC’s new Intelligence and Special Operations Subcommittee will be chaired by Rep. Ruben Gallego, D-Ariz. That panel’s focus will include special operations forces, counterterrorism, and countering chemical, biological, and radiological weapons of mass destruction.

“As the country faces unprecedented threats from our adversaries and competitors, especially the disruptive impact of disinformation attacks, we will ensure that special operations forces and the Defense Intelligence Enterprise are postured to address those threats,” HASC Chairman Adam Smith, D-Wash., said in a joint statement with Gallego.

“It is critical that these highly sensitive areas of the Committee’s jurisdiction receive the time and attention they deserve, and this new subcommittee structure will facilitate exactly that.”

Gallego, a Marine veteran, has pressed the Pentagon for years over a 2017 ambush in Niger that killed four U.S. Special Operations and four Nigerien soldiers.

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