美空军加速Golden Horde 蜂群弹开发(英文)

2021-2-5  智邦网

编译  致远

据Defensenews网2月4日报道

2月4日,美空军研究实验室负责人宣布,空军“金甲射手”( Golden Horde )蜂群弹试验取得部分成功后,将于本月再次组织该技术试验。

Golden Horde计划是空军研究实验室最优先计划之一,旨在通过联网集成蜂群炸弹,配备一系列预定程序的自主操作系统。

去年9月15日,空军组织首次Golden Horde 试验,空军研究实验室主任希斯•普林格尔称,该试验是一次“最好的学习机会。”

飞行试验中,由一架F-16战机投掷两枚 “联合小直径炸弹”,该炸弹为波音研制的激光制导小直径炸弹改进型,可相互建立通信链路,有效检测到初始目标-GPS干扰器。

 通过为炸弹设计了自主模块以应对战场瞬息变化。炸弹将瞄准两个重要目标,由空军任务规划人员在飞行前作出决断,并编入武器系统的交战规则程序。

空军正在基于雷神公司的“微型空中发射诱饵”计划制定Golden Horde的第二个蜂群弹计划,即“协同微型空中发射诱饵”计划 。


Air Force’s “Golden Horde” swarming munitions program to get a second chance this month

WASHINGTON — After the Air Force’s first test of “Golden Horde” swarming bombs was deemed a partial success, the service will give the technology a second shot later this month, the commander of the Air Force Research Laboratory said Thursday.

The Golden Horde program is one of AFRL’s three top priorities. The effort involves networking a swarm of munitions together and equipping them with an operational playbook, which gives them a set of predetermined rules for autonomous operations.

The Air Force conducted its first Golden Horde test Dec. 15. AFRL Commander Brig. Gen. Heather Pringle characterized that event as a “great learning opportunity.”

“We’re looking forward to two more flights this month, in fact, with four collaborative small diameter bomb weapons, and I’m looking at time on target to try to up the game a little bit,” Pringle said during a Feb. 4 event hosted by the Mitchell Institute for Aerospace Studies. “This program is still progressing, and we’re really excited about where it’s going in 2021.”

Although the program met nine of 13 objectives during the December event, Pringle acknowledged that not everything in the first test went according to plan.

During the flight, an F-16 dropped two Collaborative Small Diameter Bombs, a version of Boeing’s laser-guided Small Diameter Bomb I upgraded with a collaborative autonomy payload. According to an Air Force news release, the bombs were able to establish communication links with each other and detected an initial target — a GPS jammer.

However, the munitions are designed with an autonomy module that allows them to respond to changes on the battlefield, and the bombs sighted two higher priority targets, which had been determined by Air Force mission planners before the flight and programmed into the weapons’ rules of engagement.

Unfortunately, due to software issues, the swarm was not able to transmit guidance commands to the navigation system, and the weapons struck a failsafe target location instead.

“We had uploaded an [operational flight plan] that couldn’t accept updated flight profile information from the autonomous onboard processor. And so ultimately, the initial flight profile that was in it is where it ended up,” Pringle explained. “There was no update, and the flight never changed. But we have done the forensics on it, we’ve corrected what needed to happen.”

Despite the setbacks during the first test, the Golden Horde concept still shows much promise, Pringle said.

Next week, she intends to meet with Brig. Gen. Heath Collins, the Air Force’s program executive for weapons, to discuss the future of the program and how to eventually turn the technology into a product that can be used operationally.

“General Collins and I have been reassessing what the overall long term scope is of this program and what the end deliverable will be,” Pringle said. “A major component of that is building a digital architecture that will allow more testing of various kinds of collaborative technologies and building in some containerized solutions that could be more plug and play across weapons. And I think ultimately, that will allow a lot more flexibility.”

Along with the CSDB, the Air Force is creating a second swarming munition under the Golden Horde program — the Collaborative Miniature Air-Launched Decoy, based on Raytheon’s Miniature Air-Launched Decoy.

Col. Garry Hasse, director of AFRL’s Munitions Directorate, told Defense News last year that the CMALD would be ready for its flight tests onboard a B-52 in summer 2021.

Eventually, AFRL will use the two systems together in an integrated swarm in a more complex scenario, currently scheduled around 2022, said Norma Taylor, the program manager for Golden Horde, during an interview last June.

The integration of hardware and software on the Golden Horde program is being performed by Scientific Applications and Research Associates Inc. — which won a $100 million contract in 2019 for CSDB-1 — and Georgia Tech Applied Research Corporation, which won $85 million for CMALD.


相关信息

美“空中博格”项目将开发多无人机多任务系统(英文)

          美陆军欧洲司令:应建立战区多域战特遣部队(英文)

           美众议院新设军用网络信息技术创新监督机构(英文)

        美提名副防长呼吁制定人工智能发展评判指标(英文)

美发布评估报告对国防工业基础提出预警(英文)

        美国防部授予3000万美元合同促进稀土加工(英文)

美国防创新单元开发“蜜网”先进网络防御系统(英文)

英军组织大规模“多无人机助力”蜂群演示(英文)

美陆军实验室组织一体化联合作战系统实验(英文)

美军为联合全域作战制定新的数据标准(英文)

拜登要求五角大楼将气候变化纳入新战略与战争游戏(英文)

日本防卫省:先进网络是2035年空战的关键(英文)

美陆军将继续推进六大现代化优先项目(英文)

英国推动“忠诚僚机”作战无人机联合研发(英文)

美陆军制定体系数字战略(英文)