DARPA授予三家企业新型“远射”无人机合同(英文)

2021-2-10 智邦网

编译 致远

据Defensenews网2月9日报道

美国防高级研究计划局(DARPA)计划开发可携带小型武器的新型空中发射无人机,其概念类似配备导弹的俄罗斯致命武器套娃。

如果取得成功,名为“远射”( LongShot )的该新型无人机将能像战机和轰炸机等先进飞机一样,当无人机向前移动时保持一定距离,用自身携带武器对多个目标实施攻击。

2月8日,DARPA宣布,已向通用原子、洛克希德·马丁和诺斯罗普·格鲁曼三家公司授出项目第一阶段合同,三家公司将提出初步设计方案。

DARPA战术技术办公室项目主任保罗•卡尔胡恩说:“远射计划通过演示能使用当前先进空空武器的无人驾驶空中发射飞行器,提供了生成新的作战能力方法,将改变传统空战模式,打破渐进式武器升级模式。”

DARPA计划通过“远射”计划,探索多模式推进方式,认为这是无人机作战概念的的关键要素。

DARPA从2021财年启动“远射” 计划,申请2200万美元开展概念设计工作。


These three companies won contracts for DARPA’s new LongShot drone

WASHINGTON — The U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency wants to create an air-launched drone that carries its own smaller weapons, a concept that brings to mind a lethal Russian nesting doll packed with missiles.

If successful, the new UAV — called LongShot — could allow high-value manned aircraft like fighters and bombers to hang back at standoff distances while the drone moves forward and strikes multiple targets using its own air-launched weapons.

DARPA announced Feb. 8 that it had awarded contracts to General Atomics, Lockheed Martin and Northrop Grumman for the first phase of the program, during which the companies will create preliminary designs.

“The LongShot program changes the paradigm of air combat operations by demonstrating an unmanned, air-launched vehicle capable of employing current and advanced air-to-air weapons,” said Lt. Col. Paul Calhoun, a program manager for DARPA’s Tactical Technology Office. “LongShot will disrupt traditional incremental weapon improvements by providing an alternative means of generating combat capability.”

Under the LongShot program, DARPA plans to explore multimodal propulsion, which the organization sees as key to the drone’s concept of operations.

“An air system using multi-modal propulsion could capitalize upon a slower speed, higher fuel-efficient air vehicle for ingress, while retaining highly energetic air-to-air missiles for endgame target engagement,” the Defense Department stated in fiscal 2021 budget material. That way, the UAV gets the benefit of being able to traverse longer ranges, while the weapons it launches have a higher probability of destroying their intended targets.

If LongShot’s development is successful, the weapon could “significantly” extend the range at which a manned aircraft can engage a target while also reducing the risk to human pilots, DARPA stated in a news release.

DARPA did not immediately respond to a request for comment about the value of the contracts or the future schedule of the program, although it noted in a release that companies will build and fly full-scale demonstrators during a future phase of the program. During those tests, companies will prove their LongShot UAVs are capable of controlled flight and launching weapons.

DARPA started the LongShot program in FY21, requesting $22 million to begin conceptual design work.

According to budget documents, the LongShot UAV could be either launched from an external hardpoint on a fighter or the internal bay on a bomber. Both the Air Force and Navy could be potential future customers.


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