拜登政府将推出新的弹道导弹防御计划(英文)

2021-2-19 智邦网

编译  致远

据Breakingdefense网2月18日报道

五角大楼下周将宣布“下一代拦截”(NGI)计划,全面推动新的导弹防御系统开发计划。

NGI 计划旨在继续推动在耗费12亿美元研发经费之后于2019年中止的“拦截器重新设计”(RKV)项目,美导弹防御局2019年为该计划发布需求,并就之前失败原因进行深入研究。

RKV失败严重影响了导弹防御局的研发,美政府试图推进新型弹道导弹拦截计划。

RKV 是波音公司牵头的58亿美元雄心勃勃技术研发计划,雷神公司负责研制拦截器,以改进现有大气层外杀伤飞行器。均为地基拦截器,用于防御针对美国本土的远程弹道导弹攻击。

人们普遍认为,拜登总统长期以来对导弹防御计划持怀疑态度,这一决定有助于人们了解新政府对导弹防御计划的基调和方向。

该计划要求五角大楼从诺斯罗普·格鲁曼和波音公司领导的团队中选出两家竞争者,授予为期五年的研制合同。然后最终决定由谁承担20个小型拦截系统研制,用于针对朝鲜或伊朗的弹道导弹攻击。


Biden Pledged New Missile Defenses, His Pentagon May Be About To Deliver

WASHINGTON: The Pentagon plans to take a big step in its long and costly effort to build a new missile defense system, the Next Generation Interceptor program, in coming weeks.

The NGI is trying to pick up where the Redesigned Kill Vehicle program left off when it was scrapped in 2019 after burning through $1.2 billion on research and development and being found wanting. But the Missile Defense Agency has taken its time on the NGI work, issuing requirements in 2019 and doing its homework on how and why the previous effect failed.

The failure of the RKV was a major black eye for the Missile Defense Agency and the government’s attempt to get a new ballistic missile interceptor into the field, but defense officials say they have been able to harvest a lot of the research they did on the NGI program. The RKV was an ambitious, $5.8 billion technology program led by Boeing — though Raytheon actually builds the Kill Vehicles — to improve on the current Exo-Atmospheric Kill Vehicle. Both are ground-based interceptors designed to defend the US mainland against long-range ballistic missile attacks.

President Biden has been seen as a long-time skeptic of missile defense programs and this decision is likely to help set the tone and direction for the administration’s efforts.

Plans call for the Pentagon to choose two winners in 2026 from teams led by Northrop Grumman, Lockheed, and Boeing for five-year development contracts, followed by a final decision on who gets to build up to 20 new interceptors that would protect the homeland against ballistic missiles launched by North Korea or Iran.

Pentagon spokeswoman Jessica Maxwell said in a statement they are still working on the terms and pricing of the eventual contract. The Missile Defense Agency “is nearing completion and will be finalized following the Defense Pricing and Contracting Peer Review of the Agency’s evaluation of the proposals,” Maxwell said. “The final review and approval process is expected to be complete as early as the end of February.”

Tom Karako, director of the Missile Defense Project at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, told me the years-long NGI schedule “is a more measured and long-term approach, and is a little more of a traditional approach as opposed to some of the acquisition strategies for missile defense in the past.”

The RKV followed an ambitious schedule, and was initially slated to be fielded in 2020, but repeatedly missed the mark. The NGI however, which was briefed to the defense industry in late 2019, was “formally blessed by the joint requirements process” in early 2020 and “in every respect it’s a little bit more of a traditional, and a rigorous approach to the acquisition strategy,” Karako said.

There have been questions regarding President Biden’s commitment to ballistic missile defense of the United States, but in October 2020, then-candidate Biden replied to a written questionnaire by the Council For A Livable World, directly affirming he would fund upgrades to the current missile defense system.

“The catastrophic consequences of even a single nuclear detonation in the United States require that we pursue an effective missile defense system,” Biden stated. “Even an imperfect defense can have a deterrent effect. At the same time, we must insist on a rigorous testing program to continually improve the reliability of our defenses.”


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