印度受伊朗击落美军无人机影响正在重新审视对美引进(英文)

据Defense World2019年7月29日报道,伊朗上月用S-300防空系统击落美军全球鹰无人机事件,促使印度国防部重新评估引进美军无人机计划,因为印度担心中国和巴基斯坦的类似防空系统。印度原计划从美国引进30架、金额60亿美元的无人机,其中空军和陆军各10架“捕食者”-B型,海军10架长航时机型。受此事件影响,成本居高订购美无人机问题又突显出来。据报,美国军售无人机平台价格1亿美元,配套武器价格1亿美元,全套武器系统价格远远高于从法国引进“阵风”战斗机的价格。有这笔经费,还不如空军换装法国“阵风”战斗机,陆军更换现役T-72主战坦克。

 July 29, 2019
Global Hawk

The Indian Air force (IAF) is reconsidering the purchase of 30 American drones for an estimated $6 billion, after Iran shot down US Navy’s RQ-4 Global Hawk drone with its S-300 missile system in the Persian Gulf region last month.

“The IAF are now especially concerned about the US drones’ effectiveness and survivability in volatile airspace along India’s border with Pakistan and China, which New Delhi claims can be equipped with advanced surface-to-air missile (SAM) systems,” Hindustan Times reported, quoting military officials as saying on Sunday.

The Indian Defense ministry has not yet been approached for acceptance of necessity (AoN), to procure the drones. The plans were for the air force and the army to acquire 10 Predator-B drones each and the navy to buy long-distance surveillance versions.

In addition, high cost of the American armed drones is also pushing the IAF to backpedal on the deal, which is also eyeing at acquiring French-made Rafale jets. According to the military establishment, the cost of a bare drone platform will be to the tune of $100 million and a full complement of weapons like laser-guided bombs or hell-fire missiles will cost another $100 million.

“An armed drone with full complement of weapons will be more expensive than Rafale multi-role fighter with all weapons and missiles on board. Under the circumstances, the IAF will give preference to acquiring more multi-role fighters with long-range air-to-air missiles and the Indian army will be looking towards replacing its dated T-72 tanks,” one of the sources pointed out.