美印签署加快关键军事技术转让协议(英文)

据Defense World2019年8月2日报道,美国和印度刚刚签署《工业安全附录(ISA)》和《基础交流与合作协议(BECA)》,加快美国关键军事技术向印度转让。美国与印度曾在2016年和2018年签署了关于后勤交流与通信兼容两个协议,基于协议,印度花180亿美元从美国引进了C17、C130运输机,P8i海上监视侦察机,阿帕奇武装直升机和支努干运输直升机,以及榴弹炮等。这次协议的签署,使得印度可获得美军的地理空间地图,大大提高引进装备的精度。同时,使得洛克希德·马丁公司可以角逐印度国产轻型战斗机计划,在印度本土生产美国F16战机的克隆型F21,以及F/A18战机,该计划预算150亿美元,各生产100架战斗机。根据协议,美印后期将加大军工企业的交流与合作。

August 2, 2019
Lockheed Martin F-21 for India

India and the US may finalise two defence agreements- the Industrial Security Annexure (ISA) and the Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA) in Wahsington today to pave the way for transfer of critical military technology to India.

Indian Defence Secretary Sanjay Mitra is leading a delegation to participate in bilateral Defence Planning Group (DPG) dialogue in Washington to commence on Friday.

The signing of the agreements will pave the way, as per the US government, to transfer critical military technologies to India and help manufacture defence related systems in India.

Earlier , the two countries have signed two US foundational agreements: the Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement (LEMOA) and the Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA), in 2016 and 2018 respectively.

A direct beneficiary of the agreements would be the pitch by Lockheed Martin and Boeing to manufacture over 100 of their F-21 (an F-16 clone) and F/A-18 jets respectively in India. Both are in the race for the Indian Air Force’s $15 Billion light fighter jet competition which seems to manufacture the aircraft to India under the ‘Make in India’ program.

India has purchased nearly $18 billion worth of weapons from the US, including C-17 and C-130J transport aircraft, P-8i maritime reconnaissance aircraft, Harpoon missiles, Apache and Chinook helicopters, and M777 howitzers.

The Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA) will enable India to use US-produced geospatial maps, which will sharpen the accuracy of these sophisticated weapons. The dialogue will also “look at the prospect of technological cooperation in building military hardware under Make in India”, US media reported.

During the last 2+2 Ministerial Dialogue between the US and India, the two countries announced their readiness to begin negotiations on an Industrial Security Annexure (ISA) to support closer defence industry cooperation and collaboration.